What Are The Harmful Effects Of X-Rays?


9 Answers

Vikash Swaroop Profile
Vikash Swaroop answered
X-ray is a type of high energy radiation and has some harmful effects, which include biological radiation effects. These radiation effects can be destructive to all living tissues and can cause DNA damage and mutations. The DNA damage if occurs can further enter certain states such as senescence that is an irreversible state of dormancy, cell suicide also known as apoptosis and unregulated cell division that forms a cancerous tumor. The x-rays have bad effects on pregnancy and childbirth. The birth defects can deform the body of the infant and could be fatal to his life.    X-rays can harm the tissue in the bones which is called bone marrow. X-ray can cause baldness that is the loss of hair on the head. X-rays also cause cancer development, thyroid cancer and invisible spectrum. X-rays have biological radiation effects, which are observed when ionizing radiation strikes living tissue and destroys the molecules of cellular matter. Birth defects are also known as congenital disorders are abnormalities of structure or function that exists at birth.  Pregnancy and childbirth imply the gestation period of the human reproductive cycle. Bone marrow is a soft and pulpy tissue that fills the bone cavities, which occur in two forms i.e. Red and yellow. Hair loss is a baldness or alopecia that is partial or complete loss of hair affecting the scalp. Thyroid cancer also known as endocrine gland occurs in all vertebrate animals. 
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Asuka Jr.
Asuka Jr. commented
Hmmm... Quite the horror list... But I'd like to add something...
I'm curious why you ask about x-rays... The level of exposure to high-energy x-rays necessary to suffer the damage discussed it quite extensive. The amount of x-rays you are exposed to under normal circumstance is quite low, and even the amount you are exposed to while being x-rayed at a medical facility is not sufficient to cause any lasting damage, nor even cause any measurable discomfort, so long as the machine in use is a professional machine that's in proper working order.
So as long as you aren't hanging out in an x-ray machine all day, or being exposed to high-level radiation from some sort of nuclear reaction, you generally won't ever suffer from any sort of damage from x-rays...
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Exposure to medical X-Rays is very safe, you get more exposure to x-radiation flying than you do on one x-ray medical exam. They say 300 x-ray scans means you get a 1% better chance of developing cancer, so the risk is too minimum to worry.
Aariel Monson Profile
Aariel Monson answered
With advances in x-ray technology, the risks associated with having x-ray exams is very small. X-rays that would have had to been 'repeated' in the past (ie. The technologist didn't use enough x-rays, or used too much, which caused a sub-optimal picture), are now able to be used due to the fact that they are digital and different tools allow the technologist and the radiologist (the Dr. That interprets the x-rays) to, in a sense, alter the images, by adjusting contrast, brightness, etc. This means less dose to patients.

Having a few x-rays is not going to produce any noticeable effects. Radiation will always cause a change in your body, but it is on such a small level that these changes aren't perceivable. For example, the radiation has the ability to alter cells, but that isn't something someone can feel.

One of the most common effects of too much x-ray radiation is a burn on the skin. I do not know any x-ray techs that have never seen a burn caused by medical x-rays. When learning about these burns in school, the examples given are survivors of atomic bombs and Chernobyl, etc. So basically, they received huge amounts of radiation that caused the burn.

It should be noted that CT, or Cat scans, give much higher doses of radiation than traditional x-rays and more care should be taken when deciding if it is right for you.

The reason the x-ray techs leave the room when taking your x-ray is because they are around the radiation all day long, and need to limit their exposure as much as possible.

If you work near the x-ray department you do not need to worry about radiation. There are so many laws regarding radiation safety, the amount of radiation you're exposed to.. Well, it's going to be tiny, if any. All walls and ceilings in an x-ray rooms are lined with lead to prevent x-rays from leaking. Also, x-rays lose 'power' the further they travel - at 1 meter from the source of x-rays, an x-ray photon is at 1/1000 of it's original power.
Rajesh Shri Profile
Rajesh Shri answered
X rays are electromagnetic waves of high frequencies that can effectively pass through living tissues like the skin but cannot pass through the bones. X-rays are hence used extensively in the diagnosing of various diseases using X-ray machines. X-rays are also used in research and development in several fields to perform various experiments using Analytical X-ray equipment.

X-rays are radiations that are ionizing in nature; they can significantly alter the structure of the material through which they pass. Frequent exposure to X-rays depending on the intensity of the waves can cause the body cells to be destroyed or mutated. It could result in DNA damage in the cell structure which could be passed from one generation to the other.

Analytical X-ray equipments produce a high intensity beam known as primary beam that could cause severe burns even after a few moments of exposure characterized by a reddening of the skin. People who work with X-ray machines wear badges that keep track of the amount of radiation they are being exposed to.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
X-rays (in case you happen to be reading this) pose little risk, but nonetheless be careful when getting x-rays. X-rays can cause leukemia,cell destruction, and cell mutations. X-rays, at high doses, can even cause death.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
I don't have any scientific proof, but I had my lungs x-rayed 3 times in 3 weeks, and a bunch of my hair fell out a few weeks later.  I believe it was the xrays that caused that.
janet ward morgan Profile
Iv had two barium x.rays two mamagram x.rays and an x,ray done on my foot, al in the last three months. I am now concerned this will effect my health. Janet.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
As long as there is a risk..we can not ascertain that the small risk can be ignored in medical examination. Especially when you are not sure about the machine emitting those x-ray. Can only have an x-ray when its very very necessary to avoid the possible risk that exist.
shahid tauqeer Profile
shahid tauqeer answered
X-rays cause damage to living tissue. As x-ray photons are absorbed in tissues, they break molecular bonds and create highly reactive free radicals (such as h and oh), which in turn can disturb the molecular structure of the proteins and especially the genetic materials. Young and rapidly moving cells are particularly susceptible; hence x-rays are useful for selective destruction of the cancer cells. On the other hand a cell may be damaged by radiation but survive, continue dividing and produce generation of defective cells. Thus x-rays can cause cancer. Even when the organism itself shows no apparent damage, excessive radiation exposure can cause changes in their productive systems that will affect the organism's offspring.

In the recent past several vastly improved x-ray techniques have been developed. One widely used system is computerized axial topography: the corresponding instrument is called cat-scanner.The x-ray produces a thin fans-shaped beam that is detected on the opposite side of the subject by an array of several hundred detectors in a line. Each detector measures absorption of x-ray along a thin line measures absorption of x-ray along a thin line through the subject. Density differences of the order of one percent can be detected with cat-scans. Tumors and other anomalies that is not detected by old techniques is now detected by cat-scans.

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